Essay on the subject of pros and cons of Nuclear Energy

Essay on the subject of pros and cons of Nuclear Energy

The advantages and disadvantages of nuclear energy are making this alternative power source the most controversial available today. Advocates for and against nuclear energy are equally passionate about their causes. Knowing the benefits and drawbacks of this energy source will allow you to make a far more informed decision about your own energy use.

Nuclear Power Source

Nuclear energy is employed to make electricity. Heat generated from the splitting of uranium atoms in an activity referred to as fission is employed to produce steam. This steam in turn powers turbines, which are used to create the electricity that supplies the surrounding community.

Nuclear power stations are put up in a process that is multiple-step has been built to help retain the energy and several of its negative byproducts. This procedure alone may be the base of several benefits and drawbacks for this power source.

Features of Nuclear Energy

Despite potential drawbacks while the controversy that surrounds it, nuclear energy does have a few advantages over various other methods of energy production.

Less uranium is required to produce the same quantity of energy as coal or oil, which lowers the expense of producing the exact same number of energy. Uranium can also be more affordable to procure and transport, which further lowers the price.


When a nuclear power plant is functioning properly, it may run uninterrupted for up to 540 days. This results in fewer brownouts or any other power interruptions. The running of this plant is also not contingent of weather or foreign suppliers, that makes it more stable than many other types of energy.

No Greenhouse Gases

The plant itself does not give off greenhouse gasses while nuclear energy does have some emissions. Research indicates that what life-cycle emissions that the plants do give off are on par with renewable energy sources such as for instance wind power. This lack of carbon dioxide can be quite popular with some consumers.

One of the reasons that nuclear energy falls under fire so frequently is a result of the many disadvantages it brings.

Raw Material

Uranium can be used in the act of fission since it’s a naturally unstable element. This means that special precautions needs to be taken throughout the mining, storing and transporting of the uranium, plus the storing of every waste product to stop it from giving off harmful quantities of radiation.

Nuclear fission chambers are cooled by water, both in the boiling water reactors (BWRs) and pressurized water reactors (PWRs). In PWRs, cold water enters through primary pipes additionally the secondary pipes take away the hot water away, so the coolant is certainly not in touch with the reactor. The water can get contaminated and is transported to the rest of system in BWRs, water runs through the reactor core, so if there is any leakage of fuel.

Used rods that are nuclear immersed in water within the spent fuel pool, to cool them before they can be transported for disposal. Radio-active water can leak out of doors in the pool when the seals that keep the hinged doors airtight malfunction.

Other pollutants released by nuclear plants are heavy metals and toxic pollutants that harm plant and animal life in aquatic bodies. Water is released into the atmosphere after being cooled but is still warm and damages the ecosystem regarding the sinks it flows into.

As soon as the uranium has finished splitting, the resulting byproducts that are radioactive to be removed. While recycling efforts of the waste product have been undertaken in the past few years, the storage associated with by-product may lead to contamination through leaks or containment failures.

Nuclear reactors are made with several safety systems made to retain the radiation given off when you look at the fission process. When these safety systems are properly installed and maintained, they function adequately. When they’re not maintained, have structural flaws or were improperly installed, a nuclear reactor could release harmful levels of radiation into the environment during the procedure of regular use. If a containment field were to rupture suddenly, the resulting leak of radiation could possibly be catastrophic.

There has been several nuclear reactors that have failed and been shutdown which can be still in existence. These abandoned reactors are trying out valuable land space, could be contaminating the areas surrounding them, yet in many cases are too unstable to be removed.

With so advantages that are many disadvantages of nuclear energy, it really is not surprising that nuclear power remains probably one of the most controversial sources of energy in existence. Get educated on this topic in order to make an informed decision on your views of the use.